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  1. Always protect your eyes from the sun’s invisible harmful rays. Prolonged exposure to the sun without protection can cause cataracts, macular degeneration and a number of other eye problems, including sunburn on the surface of the eye and skin cancer around the eyes.
  2. Select sunglasses that absorb 99-100% of UV-A and UV-B rays and provide 400 UV protection. 400 UV protection means the lenses block damaging UV-A and UV-B light rays with wavelengths up to 400 nanometers. Check the label to be sure!
  3. UV rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., so avoid exposure during this time of the day and wear sunglasses even in the shade.
  4. Don’t be deceived by color or cost.  The ability to block UV light is not dependent on the darkness of the lens or the price.
  5. Avoid blue tinted sunglasses. They may look cool, but blue tint actually emits ultraviolet light, which should be blocked out.
  6. Opt for wraparound frames or frames that fit closely to your face to prevent rays from entering your eyes from around or above your frames.
  7. Be extra careful on the beach and water because reflection from the sand and water intensify the sun’s rays. Pavement can also reflect more sun. Acute damage can even occur during a single outing on a very bright day.
  8. If you add a UV-blocking coating to your eyeglasses, it will increase your protection. Ask your ophthalmologist or optometrist about this.
  9. Everyone, especially infants and seniors, should also wear wide-brimmed hats when in the sun.
  10. Ninety percent of a person’s total lifetime damage from UV rays occurs by the age of 18. Children’s eyes are more sensitive than adults. It is NEVER too early to protect your eyes for a lifetime